Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Should SC have a relook at Jallikattu ?

Why only selective banning of Jallikattu ?

Smog over Delhi, 31 Oct 2016, Diwali day - courtesy AP
Every year Deepavali is celebrated in the country in great pomp and splendour. Yearly we find for almost for a week after the festival the air in Delhi becomes unbreathable. We blame the fireworks and crackers for the great pollution caused in the air. We do not have clear statistics yet as to how many people are killed due to air pollution and how many man hours / student hours are lost with missed office and classes.

The Supreme Court has never interfered in the matter, do not know whether anybody has gone to court or not. If the SC takes cognizance of the case and bans the fireworks from Diwali and says other celebrations can continue, will the people be satisfied and will the festival still be called the festival of colours ?

Is traditions the reason why SC is not banning fireworks during Diwali, eventhough it is a very unhealthy practice ?

Particulate Matter Emissions in Delhi (SAFAR, Min. of Earth Sciences, GoI)

                                   2.5 microns (micro-g/cu.m)     10 microns (micro-g/cu.m)

WHO (24 hr period)           10                                        20
WHO (annual mean)          25                                        50

SAFAR                               60                                       100

Delhi (30 Oct 2016)          624.2                                    836


Let us create more awareness on these figures (as reported in Livemint) on 18 Jan 2017 ?

Why is it that in come cases SC takes up the case on its own, or when brought up by somebody citing violation and in some cases not at all, unless someone brings it up ? Does it smack of brazenness and an arbitrary approach ?

Did the SC cross its mandate in deciding that animal cruelty is anti-national, but not bursting of crackers during Diwali and polluting the air in Delhi beyond limits set by WHO and our national watchdog agency (SAFAR) by many multiples leading to major health hazards .. ?

The whole approach smacks of arbitrariness and high handedness. Can we close our eyes to some open violations and raise voice against some other ? 

Who will call the shots finally against whom ? Shouldn't we be more vigilant and fair to everybody, asking that irrespective of century old culture and practices,  environment and animals rights cannot be violated..

Jerry Amaldev on Top of the world !!

I was indeed taken aback and it was a very pleasant surprise to listen to Cornell Uty Fine Arts PG graduate and qualified western genre Indian Malayali music director Jerry Amaldev direct his Indian music troupe singing the 1972 Carpenters' hit "Top of the world" !!

Really a pleasant surprise listening to an Indian song troupe singing a western classic of the early 70s ..

Click here for the song ..

A very difficult piece and an all-time great choral music from the German music composer (composed 275 years ago) George Fredrick Handel, " Hallelujah chorus " from the same group .., click here ..


Overcome evil with good

Overcoming evil with good. There is a great learning we can get from this story.

If we have a bit of patience and use our brains, any conflicting situation can be resolved very peacefully.. 

The dogs often attacked the goats violently ..
A farmer in ancient China had a neighbour who was a hunter, and who owned ferocious and poorly trained hunting dogs. 

They jumped over the fence frequently and chased the farmer's lambs. 

The farmer asked his neighbour to keep his dogs in check, but this fell on deaf ears. 

One day the dogs again jumped the fence, attacked and severely injured several of the lambs. 
The farmer had had enough, and went to town to consult a judge who listened carefully to the story and said: "I could punish the hunter and instruct him to keep his dogs chained or lock them up. But you would lose a friend and gain an enemy. Which would you rather have, friend or foe for a neighbour?" 

The farmer replied that he preferred a friend. 

"Alright, I will offer you a solution that keeps your lambs safe, and which will keep your a neighbour a friend." 

Having heard the judge's solution, the farmer agreed. 

Once at home, the farmer immediately put the judge's suggestions to the test. 

He took three of his best lambs and presented them to his neighbour's three small sons, who were beside themselves with joy and began to play with them. 

To protect his son's newly acquired playthings, the hunter built a strong kennel for his dogs. 

Since then, the dogs never again bothered the farmer's lambs. 

Out of gratitude for the farmer's generosity toward his sons, the hunter often shared the game he had hunted with the farmer. 

The farmer reciprocated by sending the hunter the cheese he had made. 

Within a short time the neighbours became good friends. 

A saying in old China went something like this,

"One can win over and influence people the best with gestures of kindness and compassion." 

A similar Western saying:

"One catches more flies with honey than with vinegar."

The Bible says " Donot be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good " Romans 12: 21.

(From the Internet)

Aren't there many such instances in our life where with we can defeat evil by doing good ??


Monday, January 16, 2017

My fears for India, post demonetisation ..

Interesting cartoon on the damage demonetization has done
to the  Indian economy
Demonetisation still remains a hot discussion topic in the country, with more and more depressing and disappointing news coming out in  public domain with each passing day. Through this passage let me try to create an awareness and attempt to get behind the economic intentions of the disruptive action. The cartoon depicts what has happened to the pillars of economic activity in the country.

India is the third largest economy in the world with a Gross Domestic Product at Purchasing Power Parity of $ 8.7 trillion (IMF estimate for 2016) in comparison with China's $21.3 trillion and US' 18.6. trillion. Thanks to Dr Manmohan Singh Indian GDP which was at #10 position in 2004 was brought to global rank #3 in 2014. Dr Manmohan Singh was a very cool person, he never used to get agitated with all petty issues happening in the country and he had a good team which saw to it that mischief creating elements or miscreants were kept under control.

India in 2017 faces a peculiar problem. The present Indian PM was presented with an economy which was globally at #3 position. He just had to pursue the actions of the economist PM, Dr Manmohan Singh, which could see the country sailing to the #2 position in 10 or 15 years, overtaking United Sates, the second largest economy now. One of the greatest inheritances of Narendra Modi was a peaceful and confident country inching to march as the second biggest economy in the world.

A concerned former PM Manmohan Singh,
whats happening ?
Narendra Modi initially started his tenure quite confidently, quite lucky to get a solid rock economy as inheritance from his predecessor. He even managed to see the country growing at 7 to 7.4 % in the two years before he decided to go on the offensive and secure the growth of the country. In one shot and with limited knowledge to his close partners in the ministry, Modi banned all higher denominations of currency, mainly the Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes, about 86% of the currency in circulation amounting to almost 15.44 lakh crores in the country on the 8 th November 2016. He also gave a time limit of Dec 31, 2016 till when citizens could deposit the money with them, black or white into bank accounts. He also brought restrictions on the amount that could be withdrawn daily and weekly. The move to limit the cashless transaction was a major blow for the people living in the towns and villages of the country where nearly 70% of Indian population resides.

A pensive PM, worried how to get out of this rut ? If only
he had done enough homework on the economy, than
dependingon his team of ignorant and incapable 
shouting brigade 
The initial euphoria seen in the country and lame efforts to shout down all opposition to the move which would otherwise bring prosperity to its citizens, has given way of late, to one of desperation and anguish. The initial move has since metamorphised to a drive to change nature of transactions from physical mode to cashless mode, electronic transactions.

The people naturally got disturbed. The country which was till then having only 3% non-cash transactions suddenly being forced to switch to cashless transactions, got the people nervous. These people found it very difficult to switch their modes from cash to cashless.

Farmers even after selling their produce found it difficult to get buyers pay up as there was a cash crunch and a limit on the amount of money that could be transacted across the bank counters daily to Rs 4000 and weekly to Rs 24,000. Fruit growers and farmers remained unpaid, pushed to the brink of poverty and were not having money to pay for the seeds for the next sowing season. May of them have abandoned sowing for the next season. Tomatoes were being thrown in the market, tons of it, as the price had fallen to Rs 0.50 for a kilogram (50 paisa), not even enough to pay for the efforts by the farmer, forget the cost of fertilisers and water that has gone into it.

The malaise is bound to spread across the farming community of the country unless urgent measures are taken to lift the restrictions on the amount of  transactional value of daily and weekly bank withdrawals.  Generally all business establishments in the country have registered somewhere between 25% to 40 % drop in businesses on a daily basis. Sales of high-end cars, purchase of land, buildings (avenue for black marketers to stash off their ill gained finds) has taken a severe beating. The people now feel whether this was the right action to be taken to stop these black marketers and anti-social elements in the country from damaging the country's economy further ?

Modi was also unmindful of the fact that by demonetisation he was targetting just the tip of the iceberg, ie 6 % of the total value of black money in the country. 94% of black money in the country is invested in gold, real estate and stashed out of the country to swiss banks and banks in tax havens of the world. Frankly speaking he was not smart to get at the woods than the trees. He wanted to contain Pakistan his arch enemy somehow than aiming for the welfare of his people which needed some really intelligent moves.

Prior information of the financial situation in the country post a demonetisation shock was not accurately conveyed to PM Modi neither by the earlier PM Dr Manmohan Singh (in the interest of the nation, did they ever discuss about the growth of the economy even once ?) nor the finance ministry officials. If PM Modi is now forced to call off his demonetisation drive and cashless currency campaign (a distinct possibility..), it would be a loss of face for Modi, but definitely in the long run, it would save the country a decline in economic might.

The coming days is going to bring greater disaster for the country than what has happened all these days, let's watch and wait.  These are the words of the former PM Dr Manmohan Singh. Coming from a person who has reined over the economy for ten years and did mighty good to the country and the economy, unlike any previous Prime Ministers could even dream of doing, his words cannot be wished away as opportunistic talk .. Read news from The Hindu where former PM Manmohan Singh asks the citizens to be ready as the worst is yet to come and the ill effects post demonetisation is yet to hit the country.

A very recent Nobel laurete Amartya Sen comment on demonetisation ..

The PM is keeping all cards close to his chest, waiting for the opportune moment to have the last laugh, as is his customary approach. But will he have that luxury any time soon ? Was it carried out due to ignorance at the top or with some devious planning behind it ? The country still does not know the true intentions.

Let us not forget that in a democracy every idea and everybody have their day !


Hyperloop-one, transforming global transportation ?

The basic problems we encounter in any form of transportation are the following
1. energy expended
2. friction leading to heat buildup
3. wear and tear, leading to failure
4. safety of occupants and the surroundings and
5. harmful emissions
Different modes of transportation handle these problems in varying degrees.

Energy expended reflects directly on the costs of the transportation trip, that also explains why air travel is costlier than all other forms of travel. Conventional methods pf power generation cost more than non-conventional methods, especially in the case of solar energy.

Friction is an inevitable phenomenon on planet earth as long as we encounter air or material impediment either while flying in the air, or rolling or sliding on any surface.

Wear and tear, though a direct outcome of friction, is a function of distance traveled and time. This is also the reason why we need to replace worn out parts after some time.

Safety is directly related to the speed, the control systems, the environment and the reliability of the vehicle

Emissions are related to the technology employed in the vehicle and can be a cause of sustainability concern for the environment in the long run.

All the existing modes of transportation we have ever since man started moving goods and himself around 8000 BC with the paved roads, the wheels, animal based transportation, water transportation, steam engines, internal combustion engines and aeroplanes have had one limitation or the other, but the one great limitation, continues to be the speed and time for traveling, often imposed as a technology constraint.

One of the greatest young techno-preneurs of modern day, Elon Musk, the naturalised US citizen, immigrant from S Africa who made his millions selling paypal, set up the solar energy startup Solar city, electric car startup TESLA, Space exploration technology startup SpaceX, now comes up with his new innovative offering helping in mass rapid transportation of people at a very fast pace over long distances, Hyper Loop.

Propulsion by magnetic accelerators gets the pods moving across two points through two large tubes in near vacuum, reduces friction, heat and wasteful expenditure of energy at speeds about 700 miles per hour (1120 kmph) controlled by accurate electronic guiding systems preventing crashes. Because of these technologies, we find this transportation really fast, reducing transportation time to one fourth to one tenth, accident free, giving a smooth ride and top comfort to passengers. 

These hyper loop pods, mostly driven in automode, reduces the chances of driver errors leading to massive accidents. The only drawbacks however are the great expenses involved in installing large tubes, often running over agricultural lands and residential areas at great heights, building stations and the necessary instrumentation to enable propulsion of the pods and evacuation of the tubes.

The provision of solar panels on top of the tubes, gives great energy savings. The braking energy is recycled to charge the batteries, this is another great  innovation in this case. The low friction due to transportation in vacuum, magnetic levitation methods in the tube powering propulsion and employing solar panels to capture energy to run the signalling systems and other networks makes this system totally zero emission system.

HyperLoop Transportation Technologies {HTT) is approaching the Govt of India for permission to start running of the hyper loop transportation systems in india across five busy sectors, from Delhi to Mumbai, Mumbai to Chennai, Chennai to Bangalore and finally from Bangalore to Trivandrum, the sectors where initial testing and trials of HTT pods will happen in India. Depending on the enthusiasm shown by the GOI in accepting this new technology and popularising it, the future holds much promise for the country, thanks to Elon Musk.

Click here to read how disruptive technologies in automobiles evolved .

Click here to read about Tesla Motors, leaders in sustainable transport ..

Click here to read about the 45 year old Elon Muo sum it up, the greatsk ..

To sum it up, the greatest advantage India can get out of this futuristic transportation system is the least disruption this causes to existing infrastructure and savings in time. If India needs to give leadership to the world by 2040 AD, it is high time we tested and migrated to such futuristic technologies ..

George ..

Sunday, January 15, 2017

Michele's farewell speech .. Jan '17

What clarity of thought and power to communicate ?? Click for video ..

This lady, Michelle, a law graduate from Harvard Law School, is much smarter than we thought ! 👍👍 Even beats her husband in  putting forth her thoughts on patriotism, freedom and liberty with great frankness and clarity !

Never in my knowledge and reading have I come across a more capable outspoken, frank and courageous first lady ..

Sure Presidential stuff .. 👌👌 wish to see her back in White House in her own right ! 👍👍

Her speech is not just for the young people of US, but the whole world !

 Click for video ..


Saturday, January 14, 2017

Social entrepreneurship, a holy grail for societal development ?

An entrepreneur has a passion to create more value for society or self, be it in business, for-profit enterprises or non-profit enterprises, in return for a small reward, gain, profit, compensation or reciprocation. While the output or value creation to self or society remains the top priority and of high importance, the returns are second priority and may get delayed or offset in time ..

Social entrepreneurship is secondary to entrepreneurship, but with a definite and more noble purpose. Let us get to understand more definitions of the term social entrepreneurship.
Social entrepreneurship is the use of the techniques by start up companies and other entrepreneurs to develop, fund and implement solutions to social, cultural, or environmental issues. This concept may be applied to a variety of organizations with different sizes, aims, and beliefs - Wikipedia (2017)
Social entrepreneurs are not content just to give a fish or teach how to fish. They will not rest until they have revolutionized the fishing industry - Ashoka CEO and Founder, Bill Drayton
Social entrepreneurs drive social innovation and transformation in various fields including education, health, environment and enterprise development. They pursue poverty alleviation goals with entrepreneurial zeal, business methods and the courage to innovate and overcome traditional practices. A social entrepreneur, similar to a business entrepreneur, builds strong and sustainable organizations, which are either set up as not-for-profits or companies - Schwab Foundation
social entrepreneur looks at creating lasting, extended, added value to society and not for self or community, through his or her output which usually impacts humanity, or in limited context a society through social, cultural, economic, environmental, poverty and health dimensions for returns that may not be solely monetary and may also include awards, recognitions, accolades, distinction and scholarship - George Easaw (2016) 
A social entrepreneur is a leader or pragmatic visionary who: (from Schwab Foundation)
  • Achieves large scale, systemic and sustainable social change through a new invention, a different approach, a more rigorous application of known technologies or strategies, or a combination of these.
  • Focuses first and foremost on the social and/or ecological value creation and tries to optimize the financial value creation.
  • Innovates by finding a new product, a new service, or a new approach to a social problem. 
  • Continuously refines and adapts approach in response to feedback. 
  • Combines the characteristics represented by Richard Branson and Mother Teresa.
Click here for a good article on social entrepreneurship and how to influence society with social entrepreneurship.

Mahatma Gandhi and Mother Teresa have been great social entrepreneurs who have given more to society (value) than what they have got back in return (salary) .. Mahatma Gandhi got respect, admiration and finally freedom in all its dimensions for Indians in return for virtually nothing, sacrificing his life. Mother Teresa has also been a similar individual serving the leper community of Kolkata expecting nothing in return. Kailash Satyarthi has dedicated his life and fights for the freedom of bonded labour and children denied a future by highlighting their problems across global forums and fighting for their rights.

Dr Devi Shetty of Narayana Hrudayalaya and Dr V. Govindaswamy of Aravind Eye Hospitals, Madurai have given more value to society (enhanced health, well being and higher productivity individuals) than what they have received from society (returns in terms of cash, awards, recognitions).. Dr Verghese Kurien, Dr. MS Swaminathan, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai have all been great social entrepreneurs who have influenced generations to come through their visionary thoughts and actions ..

Teaching is one profession where one can make a profound and lasting impact on the future of humanity, through the student community, consciously giving more to society (knowledge, in more semantic terms meaning great value to society, lasting generations and uplifting societies and countries), than what one takes out of it ..


Will Chandra reverse Tata's fortunes and get it soaring ??

The largest and most respected Indian
business congolmerate ..
Tata Sons as we all know had a very tumultuous four years since Cyrus Mistry took over the reins. Even though Cyrus's subsequent removal and Ratan Tata taking over temporarily, in the process washing lot of dirty linen in public, did raise much stink, the Tata Sons board has done a lot of homework before committing ng up with an important announcement yesterday. 

The financial performance of Tata Sons took a beating of late with a 67% drop in profits to INR 3013 crores in 2015-16.

Regarding group turnover, from $108 billion Tata Sons turnover in 2014 -15, it fell to $103 billion in 2015-16, by about $5 billion (app about INR 32,000 crores) causing much heartburn in the group. There are many reasons attributed to this decline. As per Economic Times, India's most respected economic daily,  important among them are listed here, 

Cyrus Mistry, out-going Chmn
1. Cyrus' focus was majorly only on profit making cos. in the group namely TCS, Tata Motors, Tata Chemicals and a few others ...

2. In the highly competitive telecom field Tata Sons lost a battle with former partner NTT DoCoMo paying out $1.2 billion as damages

3. Net debt for the group rose from $23.4 billion in 2015 to $24.5 billion in 2016

N. Chandrasekharan, incoming Chmn
4. In FY 16, performance of Tata Sons was lacklustre and not promising, even though it could have made great strides given the positive sentiment for the group in the Indian people's minds. Nine of the 27 listed cos. reported losses and earnings of 7 others dropped. 

5. Only TCS and Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) have been consistent top performers, with JLR out performing all expectations ..

6. Tata's 2007 $12.5 billion acquisition of European steel Co. Corus, though looked very promising and far reaching then, it did not fetch good returns over the years as global steel prices fell with Chinese dumping of steel in global markets (extraneous reasons) ..

Cyrus did his best for Tata Sons. He was a great leader, and his strategy was to give more attention to the performing companies. Though it may be difficult to pinpoint Cyrus for the temporary decline in Tata fortunes, the intricate play between market dynamics, pricing and global demand may have acted against Cyrus' strategies. Time will tell whether Cyrus had great intentions for Tata and whether the buoyant market conditions acted against him in the short run.

After JJ Irani, Chandrasekhar is the only person from outside the family (and the only non Parsi) taking the reins of Tata Sons on Feb 21, 2017. It also shows the professional commitment of the group allowing professionals more freedom to run the group.

Will Chandrasekharan give able leadership to the group to change the course of Tata Sons and help it cross into the $125 billion league ? ( Tata sons is the only $100 billion plus Indian conglomerate ) ..

Chandra, the marathon runner ..
Chandra says that it is while running that he gets great ideas to take his organisation forward. Chandra has taken part in Mumbai (2), New York, Chicago, Berlin and Boston full marathons and has run at least eight half marathons around the world. The 1987 MCA graduate from NIT Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India who would otherwise have become a farmer following the footsteps of his father, instead, like his brothers, chose to enter the corporate world and made a name for himself. At age 42 he became the youngest CEO of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS).

We only wish good for him. Heading the only $100 billion + conglomerate (the most respected and adored group) in the country, we want Tata Sons to grow still further under Chandrasekhar's leadership .. Chandra has been rewarded by the Tata Board for successfully guiding their biggest entity profitably and successfully. This elevation of Chandra is ample proof of the import of IT and hence TCS in the country's development in the coming years.

Thomas A Edison and his co.
General Electric, 1890 ..
General Electric was started by Thomas Alva Edison in 1890 as Edison General Electric Co which in 1892 merged with another co. to become the General Electric co. In due course of time the company got professional managers and now in 2017, it's 125 th year of founding, GE is synonymous with innovation and high quality and have spread their wings into all aspects of engineering right upto aircraft turbine manufacture with total turnover of $140  billion in 2015.
Jamshedji Tata, the pioneer of the
Tata family started a textile firm
in 1868 

The Tata group started by Jamshedji Tata in 1868, who moved away from their family profession of priesthood to business, by establishing a textile company in Mumbai will be celebrating its 150 th anniversary next year under a professional manager and leader with a global focus, ready to take on the world ..


Friday, January 13, 2017

Don't react, respond - Cockroach theory by Sundar Pichai, Head of Google ..


A beautiful speech by Sundar Pichai - an IIT-MIT Alumnus and Global Head Google Chrome:

(The cockroach theory for self development.)

At a restaurant, a cockroach suddenly flew from somewhere and sat on a lady.

She started screaming out of fear.

With a panic stricken face and trembling voice, she started jumping, with both her hands desperately trying to get rid of the cockroach.

Her reaction was contagious, as everyone in her group also got panicky.

The lady finally managed to push the cockroach away but landed on another lady in the group.

Now, it was the turn of the other lady in the group to continue the drama.

The waiter rushed forward to their rescue.

In the relay of throwing, the cockroach next fell upon the waiter.

The waiter stood firm, composed himself and observed the behavior of the cockroach on his shirt.

When he was confident enough, he grabbed it with his fingers and threw it out of the restaurant.

Sipping my coffee and watching the amusement, the antenna of my mind picked up a few thoughts and started wondering, was the cockroach responsible for their histrionic behavior?

If so, then why was the waiter not disturbed?

He handled it near to perfection, without any chaos.

It is not the cockroach, but the inability of those people to handle the disturbance caused by the cockroach, that disturbed the ladies.

I realized that, it is not the shouting of my father or my boss or my wife that disturbs me, but it's my inability to handle the disturbances caused by their shouting that disturbs me.

It's not the traffic jams on the road that disturbs me, but my inability to handle the disturbance caused by the traffic jam that disturbs me.

More than the problem, it's my reaction to the problem that creates chaos in my life.

Lessons learnt from the story:
I understood, I should not react in life. I should always respond.

The women reacted, whereas the waiter responded.

Reactions are always instinctive whereas responses are always well thought of.
A beautiful way to understand..... LIFE.

Person who is HAPPY is not because Everything is RIGHT in his Life..

He is HAPPY because his Attitude towards Everything in his Life is Right..!!

Thursday, January 12, 2017

Why I upgraded to Mint Linux ?

My home laptop was running on 12.04 Ubuntu Linux for almost four years. Some features were not working and then I realised it was time for me to upgrade. In the past two months since I had lots of spare time to fiddle with the PC and internet, I bought a copy of PC Quest mag with a Knoppix Live Linux CD.

Started experimenting with different versions of Linux like Open Suse, Lubuntu, Ubuntu mate, Mint linux etc and have been able to install lot of useful software back on the laptop. The audio players are high quality as are the video players. Have also downloaded R, Octave, PSPP and loads of other useful software thru text mode using the install command. Its great to relive the IIT Bombay days here in Bangalore, getting to work on these geeky software and operating systems yet again.

Ubuntu is a very popular version of Linux that came out of South Africa. Click here to read of the passion of the originator Mark Shuttleworth to popularise Ubuntu (in South African language) a quality that includes the esential human virtues; compassion and humanity.

Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers. Click here to know more ..
Dr Richard Stallman, founder, Free  Software Foundation

If we make a mention of Gnu/Linux, we cannot miss the role of Richard Stallman in founding the Free Software Movement and enriching the world by his life, philosophy and passion. 

Thanks to the Linux Users Group in Goa, I could get Dr. Richard Mathew Stallman to IIT Bombay during my PhD days there, with active help from Prof Sivakumar from Computer Science Department who was the Head of IITB  Computer Centre. 
This is a copy of the email circulated to all students and faculty at IIT Bombay on the occasion of the visit of Richard Stallman to IIT Bombay on March 23, 2002. (unfortunately I am unable to get pics of the event arranged in IITB fourteen years back .. )

Professor Richard Stallman, MIT, founder of the Free Software
Foundation and Gnu/Linux movement, will be delivering
a Public Lecture onivakumar who was heading the Computer Centre there at the time 

   Date : Saturday 23 rd March, 2002
   Time : 4 P.M.
   Venue :  Convo Hall, IIT Bombay
   Topic : The Free Software Movement and the GNU/Linux Operating System


Richard Stallman will speak about the purpose, goals, philosophy,
methods, status, and future prospects of the GNU operating system,
which in combination with the kernel Linux is now used by an
estimated 17 to 20 million users world wide.
Here is the website of the Free Software Foundation Dr Stallmann leads..

A year later when Stallman made another visit to India, I also got him to Govt College of Engineering, Goa (Goa Engineering College - GEC) where he spoke to the people of Goa. 

Continuing my passion in this area, I have started working in the area yet again. The concept of live USBs has enamoured me . I am trying to learn more on Linux. I have three USB sticks with linux ISO images to be used as live USB sticks. Of these three two of them are of 8GB capacity having live versions of Knoppix and Ubuntu mate 16.04 LTS and the third 4 GB USB stick with lubuntu ISO image installed on it. Linux Mint is another great package which I have on my laptop..

The beauty of Linux is its ease of use and being lightweight on the existing laptop hardware. Once you start working on Gnu / Linux, there is no way you will revert back to proprietary windows versions !

Some of the areas where I can give some basic advice (not learned..) are as given below
1. how to work on a live USB / CD,
2. what are the best linux distributions for different applications,
3. how to work on live linux  as well as installed OSs,
4. how to work on windows and linux distros on the same laptop
5. how to add to the existing list of linux software either in GUI mode or text mode
6. how to take care of linux machines and upgrade to newer versions
7. HDD partitioning areas I am not that strong now, have to revise some basics